Development of the agricultural crop value chain is an important driver to attract youth into agriculture in Africa, thereby promoting future food security. In most African countries, agriculture is a major contributor to economic growth and youth involvement in agriculture can be a strong determinant of food security as well as job creation leading to poverty alleviation. The lack of interest in agriculture among the youth in Africa is of great concern, not only to food security and unemployment, but also to peace and such a scenario is likely to delay projected development goals. The rising demand for varied foods gives the youth agribusiness opportunities along the value chain. In this paper we look at the reasons why youth shun agriculture and how agriculture can be made attractive to the youth. Data were collected through a review of previous studies done on youth and agriculture in Africa. The findings indicated that African youth are losing interest in subsistence agriculture due to the non-innovativeness in agricultural technologies, drudgery and low and unstable incomes resulting from uncoordinated or nonexistent markets for agricultural products. This is aggravated by lack of relevant skills and education and limited access to land and capital. The existing policy initiatives need to be adjusted so as to work for youth development and engagement in agriculture as most sub-Saharan Africa countries already have relevant agricultural development strategies and policies.. This therefore calls for not only rebranding agriculture but also getting the youth involved in decision making at policy level.
Africa, Agriculture, Food security, Agriculture Value chain, Youth.