Background, as a general pattern, female’s access to education lags behind males. Compared to males, females are not provided with equal opportunities at all level of schooling and hence do not enjoy the benefits of education that males do Societal and economic considerations have increasingly moved women into areas that were historically dominated by men specifically in learning physical education. Purpose, the aim of this study is to explore the comparison of rural and urban high schoolgirls’ student’s participation in physical education classes and sports competition in Tigray Region of Ethiopia. Methods, Study design was a self-completed questionnaire, and interviews which was conducted to the 400 students of rural and urban and 12 teachers from both rural and urban andthe researcher useObservation ChecklistResults,Majority of the rural high school girls’ students explain that their participation in sport competitions is low. Their reasons are lack of time to participate in sport activity in the school and the outside the school as majority of the rural high school female students reported that their participation in physical education activities especially for practical sessions are low. Their reasons are no family support conclusions, concerning the problems that the rural high schools physical education teachers’ faces in teaching physical education subject are large class size, shortage of materials, it was found that the rural high school and the urban high school girls’ students are not participating equally in physical education class and sport competition.
Physical Education, Sports Competitions, Sports Participation.