The study focused on the public health issues, food sustainability challenges, and their causes in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria. The challenges as outlined are not only due to climate change variability but also technological (requiring the development new, highly productive, environmentally sustainable production systems) and political (requiring policies that do not discriminate against the vulnerable peasant householders in the rural areas). It is noted that the region is predisposed to adverse effect of climate change due to its physical location, geopolitical and socio-economic characteristics. The paper further illustrates that food shortages in Nigeria, particularly in the Niger Delta are due to the fragility of its economy and the unpleasant side effect of industrialization which also exhibits resultant effects on the health of the residents. The loss of luxurious vegetation/farmland in the Niger Delta, due to both human activities and oil exploration led to large scale deforestation, biodiversity depletion and environmental degradation, are contributing immensely to low agricultural production. Finally, recommendations for the way forward towards meeting the food and health needs of the people, and ensuring food sustainability are given.
Health issues, Food sustainability, Environmental degradation, Oil spillage, Industrialization, Deforestation.